Improving the energy efficiency of existing buildings by implementing building automation control strategies (BACS) besides building envelope and energy system retrofitting has been recommended by the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) 2018. This paper investigated this recommendation by conducting a simulation-based optimization to explore cost-effective retrofitting combinations of building …

Publication: Upgrading the Smartness of Retrofitting Packages Towards Energy-Efficient Residential Buildings in Cold Climate Countries: Two Case Studies Read more »

In this study, the energy savings and cost-effectiveness of building automation measures in a retrofitting context are evaluated for a Norwegian single-family house. In addition, two methods for calculating savings from implementing building automation control systems (BACS) are compared: energy performance simulation and the BACS factor method proposed in EN …

Publication: The impact of building automation control systems as retrofitting measures on the energy efficiency of atypical Norwegian single-family house Read more »

Existing buildings represent a significant energy saving potential in Europe, and retrofitting the building stock is essential to reach European targets. Retrofitting measures should reduce the energy consumption as well as improve the indoor climate while still being cost-effective. This can be challenging in European cold climates. This paper discusses …

Publication: Retrofitting towards energy-efficient homes in European cold climates: a review Read more »